This is the process by which we get rid of the dead skin cells that are on the skin’s surface. When one undergoes a successful exfoliation process the results are, one has smoother and fresher looking skin. Exfoliation also makes it easier for serum cosmetics to penetrate the skin’s deeper surface. This is extremely important as it helps improve the overall experience of both professional facials and body treatments.
This process, however, comes with its pros and cons. It’s easy to overdo exfoliation especially when it comes to the face. This is a common occurrence for people who do the process at home without guidance. Another factor that leads to poor results when it comes to exfoliation is that people overdo the scrubbing while using cheap and ineffective products. Apart from the face, the rest of your skin can take a more robust approach to exfoliation and at a more frequent rate.
For those who are considering exfoliating their skins, there are two common ways to exfoliate the skin. These are mechanically or chemically.
Mechanical exfoliation is also known as physical exfoliation. This type of exfoliation involves using a tool to remove the dead skin cells from the surface of the skin physically. Commonly used tools include scalpels, brushes, and small grains. People also use skin polishing agents like facial scrubs and cleaners. This help hastens the exfoliating process and has been proven to improve the user’s skin tone as well as plump their skin. One is advised to facilitate this type of exfoliation process two to three times a week. It is also advised to use a circular motion when scrubbing for better results. It is also advised to use caution when using tools such as scalpels. The mechanical method of exfoliating is recommended for people with oily and thick skins. The method is deemed to be too abrasive for those people who have sensitive or very dry skin.
This method of exfoliating your skin makes use of different types of chemicals that work together to get rid of dead skin cells and common types of impurities from your skin leaving it healthy. The following examples are chemicals that can be used as exfoliates: enzymes (both chemical and fruit), hydroxy acids such as glycolic acid and lactic acid. In some cases, a different form of Hydroxy acid known as Salicylic acid is used.
These chemical exfoliates work by breaking the bonds that are present in the skin cells. They loosen this bond so that dead skin cells are easily removed from the healthy skin.
Common items such as facial cleansers have chemical exfoliators in them. These work when you wash your face using them. It is advisable to leave these cleansers on your face for a short period so that the exfoliating elements have time to work on your skin.
Chemical elements used for exfoliation have been proven to make your skin more sensitive to the sun. If you do use this process make sure to use protective gels such as sunscreen. One is also advised to observe their skin reactions to know which products cause side effects like irritation. If you ever notice one such product, one is advised to stop using them.
Best practices when it comes to exfoliating
For those who have sensitive skin, one will need to find products that are suitable for the exfoliating process. Medical practitioners in the cosmetics field have come up with products for your type of skin. One is however advised to look at the ingredients before using so as to make sure it doesn’t have anything that irritates your skin.
For people who have skin conditions such as eczema, it is advised to exfoliate using natural ingredients or processes that are considered to be soft. Dry brushing is considered to be the best alternative for exfoliating such type of skin.
When one is not sure of what products or ingredients cause skin irritation, one is advised to select a small area of their skin, preferably ankle or wrist, to test with. These two locations are easy to hide, and the effects will be visible should products cause irritation. Visit your dermatologist should the effects of the products be prolonged.